PROFITABILITY, PRODUCTION EFFICIENCY AND MARKETING OF SPRING MAIZE IN PUNJAB-PAKISTAN
Social Sciences Research Institute (PARC) at AARI, Faisalabad, Pakistan
This study primarily investigates the profitability of spring maize production in district Kasur of Punjab Province, using farm budgeting technique. Keeping in view the growing trend in maize area, data were collected through simple random sampling technique, and administered structured questionnaires to a total of 50 respondents. Analysis was performed using descriptive statistics, and analyzed net farm income of the maize farmers. The socio-economic indicators reflected that maize growers were found in productive age group (with average age of 41 years) but generally had lower literacy rate with 7 years of schooling, they were quite experienced as spent averagely 17 years in maize cultivation. The costs and returns analysis indicated that spring maize production was a profitable enterprise with an average net return of Rs.19803/acre and a gross ratio of 0.75. A production efficiency index (1.31) per farmer further supported the profitability of enterprise, that is, the returns sufficiently covered the costs of production. As maize being the staple diet and having profitability in the study area needs attention of policy makers for enhancing its area, production and yield. Strengthening the role of government in provision of quality inputs particularly seed and fertilizers as well as working for market integration is recommended for improving spring maize productivity and profitability on commercial lines.