PRODUCTIVITY AND PROFITABILITY OF WHEAT (TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.) BASED CROPPING SYSTEM WITH INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT IN CENTRAL PLATEAU OF UTTAR PRADESH

Authors

  • A. K Singh Department of Natural Resource Management. Faculty of Agriculture, Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya Chitrakoot, India
  • H. S. Kushwaha Department of Natural Resource Management. Faculty of Agriculture, Mahatma Gandhi Chitrakoot Gramodaya Vishwavidyalaya Chitrakoot, India

Keywords:

nutrient management, profitability, wheat-based cropping, yield

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted during kharif and rabi season of 2015-16 and 2016-17 at the Krishi Vigyan Kendra, Ganiwan, Chitrakoot Uttar Pradesh (UP). The objective was the diversification of wheat-based cropping system with nutrient management in Central plateau of U.P. In kharif season, maize, soybean and rice crops were raised under seven fertility levels in randomized block design. In rabi season, wheat was grown in the same plots keeping 3 cropping systems in the main-plots and seven fertility levels in sub-plots. Thus, twenty one treatment combinations were tried in split-plot design with four replications. Under the productivity of maize-wheat cropping system, grain yield of maize was 3798 kg ha-1 and wheat yield was 3064 q/ha under T4- 90:45:30 and 100:60:40 kg ha-1 NPK (75% NPK+VC 2 t/ha to kharif and 100% NPK to wheat). In soybean-wheat system, grain yield of soybean was 3347 kg ha-1 and wheat yield was 3231 kg ha-1. In rice, wheat system, grain yield of rice was 3870 kg ha-1 and wheat yield was 31.38 q/ha. The wheat equivalent grain yield achieved in maize-wheat cropping system was 6151 kg ha-1 whereas in soybean-wheat system 7677 kg ha-1 and in rice-wheat system 6081 kg ha-1. The highest total net return was obtained in case of soybean-wheat (Rs 109660/ha), followed by rice-wheat (Rs 82302/ha) and maize-wheat (Rs 79135/ha). Similarly in maize-wheat system, the highest system profitability was recorded under the same treatment T4 (Rs 276/ ha/day), followed by T5- 90:45:30 and 75:45:30 kg ha-1 NPK (75% NPK+VC 2 t/ha to kharif and 75% NPK to wheat) (Rs 237/ha/day). Thus, the best cropping system was soybean-wheat applied with T4- 90:45:30 and 100:60:40 kg ha-1 NPK (75% NPK+VC 2 t/ha to kharif and 100% NPK to wheat) for the Central plateau of U.P.   

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Published

2022-09-28

How to Cite

Singh, A. K. ., & Kushwaha, H. S. . (2022). PRODUCTIVITY AND PROFITABILITY OF WHEAT (TRITICUM AESTIVUM L.) BASED CROPPING SYSTEM WITH INTEGRATED NUTRIENT MANAGEMENT IN CENTRAL PLATEAU OF UTTAR PRADESH . Pakistan Journal of Agriculture, Agricultural Engineering and Veterinary Sciences. Retrieved from https://pjaaevs.sau.edu.pk/index.php/ojs/article/view/692

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