INVESTIGATION OF XYLAZINE AND LIDOCAINE HCL FOR EPIDURAL ANESTHESIA IN TEDDY GOAT

  • M. Y. Jakhrani Department of Veterinary Surgery, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam
  • A. N. Tunio Department of Veterinary Surgery, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan
  • D. H. Kalhoro Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Sindh Agriculture University Tandojam, Pakistan
  • H. Janyario Department of Veterinary Surgery, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan
  • Z. I. Rajput Department of Veterinary Microbiology, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences Sakrand, Pakistan
Keywords: analgesia, epidural, lidocaine, sedation, xylazine

Abstract

This experiment was conducted on 6-12 months old healthy Teddy goats, which were purchased from local market by inducing two different anesthetic treatments (A and B). In treatment A, xylazine was administered randomly to all goats in first week of experiment, while in treatment B lidocaine 2% was administered in all goats after one week interval, in-between last lumbar and 1st sacral epidural space using ordinary hypodermic needle (e.g. 22 gauge, 1-inch).  The onset, duration of action and time of recovery of analgesia in each animal were recorded with each treatment after every 5 minutes up to 120 minutes. The data were subjected to statistical analysis using one way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and differences among the treatments were compared by the LSD test. The mean time of induction of analgesia was less in treatment B (6.83 minutes) than in treatment A (11.83). The duration of anaesthesia and its recovery was less in treatment A (77.50 and 89.33 minutes, respectively) than in treatment B (85.00 and 91.83 minutes, respectively). The degree of analgesia was increased after administration of xylazine and lidocaine into epidural space. It was concluded that treatment A produced good analgesic effect as compared to treatment B.

Published
2019-12-31